Page 3 - Nicotine... is it just smoke? DEN + ALDAF 2019
P. 3

What are the effects?                                      How long does nicotine stay                        Tolerance and Dependency

    Nicotine causes wide range of effects including:                        in the body?                          Nicotine  is a  highly  addictive substance.  Use  of
                                                                                                                  Nicotine can cause tolerance – this means the body
    •  Release of adrenaline      •  Altered taste          Nicotine can be detected in the body for about        needs a higher dose of the drug to achieve the
    •  Mild muscle relaxation     •  Coughing               3 to 5 hours, but this duration changes based on      same desired effect. Repeated use can also cause
                                                                                                                  dependency, where a person has a very strong desire
    •  Nausea and vomiting        •  Laxative effects       how frequently you use nicotine and individual        to continue using nicotine (even if there are negative
    •  Reduced appetite           •  Increased heart rate   body  differences and may be detected for             consequences) and may have difficulty stopping.
    •  Respiratory effects        •  Bad breath             much longer.
    •  Increased blood pressure   •  Reduced fertility                                                            A person with a nicotine dependency may experience
                                                            When smoked Nicotine  reaches the brain in            withdrawal effects  if they  try  to  stop smoking,  such
    When smoked, Nicotine reaches the brain in about 10     about 10 to 20 seconds, and reaches full blood        as cravings, irritability, anxiety, restlessness, increased
                                                                                                                  appetite and difficulty sleeping .
    to 20 seconds, and reaches full blood concentration     concentration within 5 mins.
    within 5 minutes .                                                                                            The Law
    Smokers tend to adjust (titrate) their dose of nicotine
    to  their  preference  by  smoking  more  often,  puffing                                                                       Smoking
    more,  and  inhaling deeper.  Because of  this,  it  is                       Risks                                          products may
    difficult  to  find  out  how  much  nicotine  a  person  is                                                                only be bought
    absorbing.                                             Nicotine use is associated with some risks to health:            by and sold to people
                                                                                                                        over the age of 18 years.
                                                           Interactions                                                e-Cigarettes containing
                                                           Drug  use, including nicotine,  rarely involves one        nicotine are not available
                                                           substance. People use multiple common legal drugs,               for sale in Australia.
                                                           such as caffeine and alcohol, and some people may
                                                           use a combination of legal and illegal drugs – all of
                                                           which can interact in unexpected ways.

                                                           Tobacco Use                                            In Australia, tobacco and nicotine laws differ
                              e-Cigarette                  Smoking has a wide range of risks to health, including   between states and territories.

                                    Use                    respiratory  (breathing)  diseases,  inflammatory  and   Smoking products may only be bought by and sold
                                                           autoimmune  diseases, bone density loss, gingivitis
                        There is not enough current        and mouth ulcers, increased risk of infection, reduced   to  people  over  the  age  of  18  years.    e-Cigarettes
                       research on the effects of          fertility,  and is linked to  an  increase in  the  numbers   containing nicotine are not available  for sale  in
                  e-cigarette use. e-Cigarettes may        and mortality of a number of different types of cancer.   Australia.
               cause different harms from smoking          These risks increase the longer a person smokes.       Many states have laws  regarding where smoking
             tobacco. e-Cigarettes contain fewer                                                                  is permitted,  such as whether  you  are  allowed to
               chemicals than tobacco, but still           Pregnancy                                              smoke inside a car with children or  how  far away
                  may increase the risk of many            Smoking during pregnancy is harmful                    from a public door you must be.
                                                           to both the mother and unborn child.
                         respiratory and other             It can disrupt the  development of the
                                  diseases.                baby, and may cause miscarriage, low                   Australia has very strict laws regarding the advertising
                                                                                                                  and sale  of smoking products including restrictions
                                                           birth weight or ectopic pregnancy. It is               on what stores can display and compulsory graphic
                                                           safest not  to smoke during  pregnancy                 health warnings on cigarette packaging.
                                                           and breastfeeding.
   1   2   3   4   5   6